Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival History

The smart city Warangal is the second most population district in Telangana state. Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Now we discuss for Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival History. Bonalu is an important & very popular jatara celebrated in the entire state. Comparing with Ashada Bonalu in Hyderabad, Warangal Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival is the second largest bonalu festival in the state. The festival celebrated on Ekadasi mainly by the Golla Kuruma community.

Celebration’s of Beeranna Swamy Jatara in Warangal

Celebrations: People dance to the beats of traditional percussion in gay abandon. The women who form long queues carrying bonalu walk over the sacrificed the animal.

Beeranna Swamy Bonalu at Karimabad Pics
Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival at Karimabad

Traditional Dresses: Women clad in colorful sarees and young girls in traditional `langa voni’ smeared in turmeric add color to the celebrations. Potharjulu dance to the drum beats and people from all walks of life gather to enjoy the event.

Bonam at Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival Photos HD
Women carrying Bonam at Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival

Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival History

The story in English: Lord Siva incarnated as Beeranna, a shepherd, who desired to marry his uncle’s daughter. His uncle who was a landlord refused to give his daughter to the shepherd. But, Beeranna moved by the love of the young woman hatched a plan and took her away against the wishes of his uncle.

The shepherd community considers Beeranna as the incarnation of Lord Shiva and celebrates his courage and fearlessness. Every year, they offer prayers and celebrate Ekadasi because on this day Beeranna had married his uncle’s daughter.

Conclusion: Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival is one of the best bonalu jatara in Warangal district.

Beeranna Swamy Bonalu 2016 Celebrated with fanfare

Warangal Culture & Festival: MLA Konda Surekha participated at Beeranna Swamy Festival. Scores of women in their traditional attire carrying ‘Bonalu’ queued up in the lanes and bylanes of Karimabad area and other localities in Warangal city. Hundreds of people thronged the place to attend to the annual `Beeranna Swamy Bonalu 2016’ festival. People in large numbers parked themselves on the buildings in the vicinity to see the ritual. You can check more information of Warangal Tourism.

Celebrations: People dance to the beats of traditional percussion in gay abandon. The women who form long queues carrying bonalu walk over the sacrificed the animal. The festival celebrated on Ekadasi mainly by the Golla Kuruma community is the second largest Bonalu festival in Telangana region after of the Mahankali Bonalu of Hyderabad.

Image of Beeranna Swamy Bonalu 2016

Beeranna Swamy Bonalu at Karimabad Pics
Beeranna Swamy Bonalu Festival at Karimabad

Traditional Dresses: Women clad in colorful sarees and young girls in traditional `langa voni’ smeared in turmeric add color to the celebrations. Potharjulu dance to the drum beats and people from all walks of life gather to enjoy the event.

Worship: Lord Siva incarnated as Beeranna, a shepherd, who desired to marry his uncle’s daughter. His uncle who was a landlord refused to give his daughter to the shepherd. But, Beeranna moved by the love of the young woman hatched a plan and took her away against the wishes of his uncle.

The shepherd community considers Beeranna as the incarnation of Lord Shiva and celebrates his courage and fearlessness. Every year, they offer prayers and celebrate Ekadasi because on this day Beeranna had married his uncle’s daughter.

Security: The police made elaborate security arrangements for the festival to avoid any untoward incident during the festival.

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Ashada Bonalu Festival History

Hello, visitor’s thanks for landing on this page, now you are going to know the brief explanation of Ashada Bonalu Festival History in the English language. Bonalu is an important and also much popular festival celebrated in Hyderabad, Secunderabad & (In Warangal called as Beeranna Bonalu) of Telangana State. The festival is celebrated in the month of Ashada which appears in (July -August) month accordingly of Hindu calendar. (Recommended: You can also check more about Telangana Tourism & Hyderabad Tourism)

Important Note: After the Telangana state formed on June 2nd, 2014, the government of Telangana declared the bonalu festival & Bathukamma festival as a State Festival with providing a state holiday. The decision to make the two important festivals of Telangana as the state festivals was taken under the leadership of Mr Kalvakuntla. Chandra Shekar Rao, who is the first chief minister of the 29th state of India.

Now, coming to the festival, Bonalu in the Telugu language means ‘food’ and is a ritual in honour of Mother Goddess i.e. Mahankali, Shakti. During this Bonalu festival, women in large numbers offer food to the Goddess Mahankali. Bonalu Jatara which lasts for a month also involves colourful processions and community feasts in the Twin cities. The month-long festival consists of various rituals like ‘Rangam’- forecasting the future, and the procession of mother goddess atop an elephant and the ‘Ghatalu’ procession.

The Bonalu Festival History & Complete Process:

The festival is celebrated across Hyderabad in all of the 14 temples, part of the Old city. The first main festival is held on the first Sunday of the Ashada month at the Sri Jagadamba temple in Golconda Fort, the next main festival on the second Sunday at the Ujjain Mahankali Temple in Secunderabad and the third main festival on the third Sunday at the Matheswari Temple of Laldarwaja. These rituals are also performed for other shrines of Goddess Shakti in the twin cities.

Telangana Bonalu Pot Images HD
Telangana Bonalu Pot

Food Offering to Goddess Mahankali:

The festival involves offering food of her choice to Mahankali. The offerings made to the Goddess consist of cooked rice, curd, jaggery, water and other dishes that are brought in the form of pots to the Goddesses temples. The earthen pots are decorated with white, yellow and red natural colours. The majority of the women carry the pots on their head and it is believed that the women get possessed by the spirit of Mother Goddess Mahankali. The offering of cooked rice, jaggery and curd in a pot is known as ‘bonam’ and is covered with neem leaves and a lamp is placed on top of it.

Mahankali Goddess Photos
Mahankali Goddess Photos

Pothuraju Dance Special Attraction of Festival:

The important part of these processions is the Potharaju. He is the brother of Mother Goddess, is represented in the procession by a well-built, bare-bodied man, wearing a small tightly draped red dhoti and bells on his ankles, and anointed with turmeric on his body and vermilion on his forehead. While on the way to the temple, the Thottela takes the lead and dances along, on the path with the trance ladies following him. Trumpets and drums give the beats to the dance and add to the festive feel.

Pothuraju at Bonalu
Pothuraju at Bonalu

Rangam, or the Performing the Oracle, is held after the next morning of the actual festival. A Woman invokes goddess Mahankaali onto herself and performs this custom. She foretells the next year ahead when devotees ask for information about future.

Ghatam implies a copper pot, which is decorated in the form of the mother goddess and carried by a priest, adorning a traditional dhoti and his body completely smeared in turmeric. The Ghatam is taken as a procession from the first day of the festival to the last day, when it is immersed in water. The Ghatam accompanies drums.

mother goddess Mahankali
mother goddess Mahankali

Usually, Ghatam of Akkanna Madanna Temple in Haribowli actually leads the procession, placed on an elephant in turn accompanied by mounted horses and models, which depict Akkanna and Madanna. It ends as a glittering procession in the evening after immersion of Ghatams at Nayapul. Ghatams from other popular temples of Mahakali in twin cities congregate here.

Origin of Bonalu in Telangana:

The history of the origin of this bonalu festival traces back to the 19th Century and is linked with the “Regimental Bazaar” and the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.

In the year 1813, plague disease broke out in the twin cities, and this took away the lives of thousands of people and the Plague was catching on dangerously with the masses. Then originated the belief that the Plague was a curse by the Mother Goddess- Mahankali and she were angered at the locals.

Just before this, a military battalion from Hyderabad was deployed to Ujjain. When this Hyderabadian Military Battalion got to know about the epidemic in the cities, they prayed to the Mother Goddess in Mahankaal Temple – Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. History tells us, that this military battalion prayed to Goddess Mahankaali, to kill the plague, and if the Goddess would do so, they had decided to install and idol of Goddess Mahankali in the city.

It is believed that Mahankaali destroyed the disease and kept pestilence at arms length. Then, the military battalion returned to the city & installed an idol of the goddess, which was followed by the offering of Bonalu to her. Hence, from then, this had turned a tradition, which has been followed and is still being followed by all the people belonging to Telangana. People started offering their prayers and food (Bhojanalu- Bonalu) to please the goddess so she would rid them of the disease.

Other versions also include the mythological story and belief that revolves around the festival, says that this is the time when Goddess Mahakali comes back to her parental home, in Ashada Masam or the period from late June to August, and so, this period is the most optimal time to offer Bonalu to the goddess. This can be compared to the treatment of a girl, who is married, and then returns to her birthplace, and is pampered by her parents.

Other names of goddess:

Goddess Shakti is revered and worshipped as Mahakali or Mahankali in this region and is also popularly known as Pochamma, Yellamma, Peddamma, Renuka Amma, Mysamma, Ankalamma, Poleramma, and Maramma.

Conclusion:
Finally, we provided the complete history of Bonalu Festival or Bonalu Jathara in English. The Jatara Starts with Golconda Bonalu Jathara to Ujjaini Mahankali Temple, Balkampet Yellamma Temple and ends with Akkanna Madanna Bonala Jathara.

Watch special episode on Making & history of bonalu © V6 News Live:

Visitor’s Interest: The Bonalu Jatra dates in June 2017 are June 25th, July 2, 9, 10,16 and July 23st. The Bonalu occasion at the Ujjaini Mahankali Temple is on July 9th and the Rangam for 2017 will be held on July 10th.